The one-horn rhino or unicorn as it is known is the prized attraction of the Kaziranga National Park in Assam. The park, which has recently celebrated the 100 years of survival of this celebrity animal in Assam, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Assam. Kaziranga National Park is situated on the banks of the Brahmaputra and is covered with dense tropical forests, marshes and tall elephant grass.
It was in 1905, when the rhinos in the park were on the verge of extinction as poachers and hunters had reduced their number to a paltry 12. An important step of saving this behemoth animal was taken and the park was declared a reserve forest in 1908. The park was given the status of a wildlife sanctuary in 1940 and in 1974 the park was declared a national park. In 1985, Kaziranga National Park was declared a UNESCO Heritage Site. Today Kaziranga National Park is home to largest population of rhinoceros in India.
No doubt the one-horned rhino towers the other animals in the park but there are animals that attract a lot of attention and interest in tourists. Some of the animals that are visible in the Kaziranga National Park are elephants, wild boar, pythons, Indian bison, leopard, sloth beers, capped langurs, hog deer and tigers.
Kaziranga National Park is an ideal place for bird watching in Assam. There are a number of birds that you can see at the Kaziranga National Park. Some of the species of birds that you may come across include Pallas's fishing eagle, white tailed eagle, oriental honey buzzard, brahminy kite, black-shouldered kite and grey-headed fishing eagle. Migratory birds also flock Kaziranga National Park during winter.
Kaziranga National park is the world heritage site as the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great one-horned Rhinoceroses. The flora of Kaziranga National park mainly constitutes of tropical and semi-evergreen forests, wet evergreen forests as well as the tall thickets of the elephant grass along with short grasses. The major highlight of the flora of this national park is the tall elephant grass on the marshlands. The fauna of the Kaziranga National Park consist of 15 species of the India’s threatened mammals. The Kaziranaga National park features world biggest population of Indian rhinoceros. The inhabitants of the park include leopard, sloth bear, Indian elephant, langur Presbytis pileata, hoolock gibbon. The various water bodies present at the park are the rich source of food which includes thousands of migratory birds and more than 100 species. The prominent birds seen in the park include gray peacock-pheasant, green imperial pigeon, silver-breasted broadbill, great pied hornbill, Bengal florican, swamp partridge, green imperial pigeon and the silver-breasted broadbill.
Kaziranga National Park
National Highway -37, Bokakhat, Pin-785609, Assam
How about the idea of going for adventure sports like river rafting on the Brahmaputra River. This river is the fourth largest in the world. Sounds great, doesn't it? Lots of visitors do this on their Kaziranga tours. Or you can also enjoy some mountaineering & trekking near Kaziranga National Park. Tea and rubber plantations are some other attractions around Kaziranga that you may like to explore. A visit to Karbi villages nearby is another exciting activity you can enjoy.
Light cotton clothing in summer and woollen clothes are essential during winter if you are visiting Kaziranga National Park. Prior booking and travel information always help. Littering should be avoided in the park. Though foreign currency is acceptable in the park, it is advisable to carry enough cash in local currency.
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Winters are cool and summers are warm in Kaziranga. The best time to visit the park is from Novemeber to April. Rainy season should be avoided.
Guwahati is the nearest airport to reach Kaziranga National Park. Guwahati is about 217 kilometres away. Jorhat, which is 97 kilometres is another airport. Furkating, 75 kilometres away from Kaziranga National Park is the nearest railhead. You can take direct trains from Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai to reach Furkating. Jorhat and Guwahati are well connected by road with other parts of the state.
There are a number of hotels, lodges and forest rest houses in Kaziranga that provide an ideal base to tour the park. Most of the hotels and lodges provide all the basic facilities for tourists travelling to Kaziranga National Park.
Accommodation in Kaziranga National park is made available in terms of resorts and hotels. The various accommodating options made available to the tourist include Wild Grass lodge, Bonhabi Resort, Aranya Forest Lodge, Kaliabor Manor Resort, Agoratoli Resort and the Dhanshree Resort. These lodges and resorts feature both A/c and non A/c rooms that come fitted with modern accessories and attached bathroom with running hot and cold water