Articles - A Study of Tiger Population in India

A Study of Tiger Population in India

Posted by: | Posted on: 05/04/13 | Comments: 0

Tigers in IndiaTiger, fondly called the big cats, come under the category of endangered species in our p;country. Irrespective of the fact that India is home to over half of the tiger population in the world, their number is actually quite small. After their numbers went even downward, the Government of India, in order to save these magnificent species launched Project Tiger in the year 1973. All thanks to various kinds of conservative efforts that were being taken by the concerned authorities, such as, protection of additional habitat of the big cats and strict anti-poaching patrolling, the number went up. The latest tiger census report which was released on 28th March 2011 revealed that  the population of tiger had gone up to around 1706. In the year 2008, the number was somewhere around 1411.

The approach for the conservation of tigers in India revolves around the Wildlife Protection Act (1972) and  the National Tiger Conservation Authority. Between the mid years of 1970's and 1980's, a number of protected areas were set aside which also included major tiger habitat, 66 national parks and 421 wildlife sanctuaries. Later on, this number increased to 515 wildlife sanctuaries, 102 national parks, 44 conservation reserves as well as 4 community reserves. As a result of this, there was a boost in the density of tigers in a number of places.

Project Tiger has a comprehensive approach towards the ecosystem. Under this project, the management of wildlife, particularly tiger is done in an absolutely careful manner, which involves their complete protection as well as development. This project has actually become a role model in the field of In-situ (on-site) conservation. Along with this, it looks after wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, which have a high tiger population and are like their natural habitat.

Tiger Cub in role of increase tiger population in india In the second countywide assessment of the tigers done in March 2011 that was suggested by the Tiger Task Force pointed out that in comparison to 2010, there was a countrywide increase by around 20 percent.  This study done by using a refined methodology also showed that there has been increase in tiger density in some areas- Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Sunderbans and some parts of North-East as well. The density of tiger is mainly dependant on two things. First is that these big cats search for that kind of an area where they can live in complete solace as there should be minimum human activity. The second is that the quantity of wild prey for them (wild pig, chital, gaur etc) is available in large numbers.

In India, some of the forests which are the natural habitat of the tigers are especially given a lot of protection. These areas 6- Central India, Shivalik hills and the Gangetic plain, North-Eastern hills and the Brahmaputra plain, Sunderbans, Eastern Ghats and lastly, Western Ghats.

Interestingly, the landscapes of Kaziranga-Karbi-Anglong Nagarhole, Mudumalai, Wayanad, Moyar, Corbett,  Segur, SundarbansMala (t-39) a Popular tiger of bandhavgarh national park and Bandipur have actually reached to their saturation levels as far as the population of tiger in these areas are concerned. Although much has been done and also is being done but the present conservation attempts  are actually not enough. It is necessary that this issue must be addressed on an even larger level. Moreover, there is a dire need of new protection approaches such as enforcement of the law in a better manner. Along with this, even better funding is needed to save these big cats so that this issue gets all the more strengthened.


Mike Budhani

I am Mike Budhani, I belong from the hills Kumaon, Uttrakhand, at present I am living in New Delhi which is the capital city of... more»