Posted by: Neelam Talreja | Posted on: 24/09/13 | Comments: 0
The geographical variations have bestowed India with amazing landscapes that attract tourists from all across the globe. Apart from this, the climatic conditional have also made India an ideal land for providing shelter to a huge population of conservative and threatened species.
Ill-acts such as human sprawl and poaching have led to a drastic decline in the numbers. If we consider the surveys of 100 years from now, the number of mighty predators ‘Tigers’ was around 100,000, but according to the latest study, there are only about 1500 left. There have been various projects and programs introduced to protect tigers from becoming extinct.
Beholding the 9th position amidst the world of mammals with 412 species, India has attracted wildlife enthusiasts from all around the world. India is also praised for constituting about 12% of the earth’s birds and birds. In recent years, there have been various measures taken to conserve mammals, birds, aquamarines, etc. India boasts for about 14 biosphere reserves, 100 national parks, and 500 wildlife sanctuaries, which makes the wildlife enthusiasts sure of visiting latest few of the country’s animal kingdom while being on the trip.
With the consistent decline in the number of tigers in India, the Supreme Court of India, in July 2012, passed a ban on visiting the core areas during the tour. Some of the national parks, where you could be lucky enough to spot the sight of the mighty predator taking a royal walk, are Bandipur National Park (Karnataka), Bandhavgarh National Park (Madhya Pradesh), Kanha National Park (Madhya Pradesh), Sundarbans National Park (West Bengal), Jim Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand), and many more.
The population of elephants has today been concentrated in a few locations of India. The wildlife enthusiasts should visit the national parks that fall under the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The gorgeous Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) is one of the ideal destinations to spot elephants and enjoy elephant safari. Apart from this, the wildlife enthusiasts could also visit Mudumalai National Park (Tamil Nadu), Nagarhole National Park (Karnataka), and Bandipur National Parks (Karnataka) to spot elephants living in their natural habitat.
Asiatic Lions at Gir, Photo courtesy - Asiatic Lions
Bandhavgarh National Park is a popular destination to spot leopards, apart from tigers. This national park also provides shelter to nilgais, sambar deer, porcupines and lot more. If you are interested in spotting black and brown bears, and snow leopard, visit Govind Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park (Uttarakhand). Sasan Gir Wildlife Sanctuary (Gujarat) is also a must visit for the enthusiasts wanting to see the Asiatic Lions. Sasan Gir Wildlife Sanctuary is the only place in the world where the Asiatic Lions find shelter.
One-Horned Rhinos, Photo courtesy - thehindu.com
Due to conservation programs, the population of the one-horned rhino has moved into the vulnerable category from endangered. The world population of the Rhinos counts to around 3000 and the 2/3rd of the population is in Kaziranga National Park (Assam, India). Along with enjoying elephant safari, spot the rhinos in their natural habitat.
Painted Stork, Photo Courtesy by Nikhil Chandra
For serious twitchers, Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary (Gujarat) is a must visit as they could spot flamingos and wetland birds. If interested in sunbirds, magpies and parakeets, visit Keoladeo Ghana National Park (Rajasthan). Vedantangal Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu) features a lake and provides shelter to numerous forest birds such as cormorants, storks, herons, ibises, etc. Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary (Karnataka) is also a must visit to spot beautiful native and migratory birds.
Some national parks & reserves impose restrictions on the vehicle types that could enter. A small, quiet 4WD, preferably with open sides is considered good for animal-spotting in the national parks. Make sure the vehicle has top covering to block the sun.
Entry of cars, buses and autoricksaws are restricted on rugged roads due to their non-standard size.
In the national parks, guides are sent along with the visitors due to being mandatory. They may be a case that the guide may not be knowledgeable. Thus, try to book a good one in advance.
Carry binoculars, sunscreen, clothes in a subdued color, etc. having a low pitch is also suggested.
If you are eager to spot some big mammals, try to plan a trip during the dry months. As the foliage gets thinner, animals come out into the open in search of water. The months from March to May are considered prime. Bird Watchers could plan a trip between the months of October and February. Make sure you check the best time to visit and details of each park to mark the peak safari season.
Neelam Talreja is a Travel Writer with keen interest in writing about incredible destinations. Her write-ups are detailed and... more»
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